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英国留学生信息学论文范文:信息技术对于产业转型的影响分析IT impact analysis of industrial

来源: www.khyfdv.tw 作者:meisishow 发布时间:2014-01-15 论文字数:1636字
论文编号: sb201401121702259515 论文语言:English 论文类型:-
信息技术的推广应用改变了传统的生产生活方式。本文从产业信息化和信息产业化两个方面对信息技术与产业转型之间的作用机理进行了分析和探讨,并提出了新时期我国推动信息技术发展的对

Human society from the agricultural age , the industrial age to the information age transformation , development and application of science and technology is an important reason . The 18th century to the present two hundred years, the four basic features of human society changed technological revolution occurred. The first technological revolution is mechanized ; second time was electrified ; Third automation ; fourth time information . In which the economic and social impact of the most extensive , most influential , affecting longest electronic information technology. Remarkable success to promote the application of information technology to promote the world dedicated to information technology , information technology into every aspect of human social life , political, economic, military , technological, cultural , social and other areas have had a significant impact on IT has become support the cornerstone of economic activity and social life today .

 
Development of information technology on economic restructuring and development have a significant influence . On the one hand , the information industry is the high-tech industry in the most active part , to improve the information industry in the national economy , is conducive to optimizing the industrial structure ; information service on behalf of modern service industry has become an important growth point of economic development. On the other hand , the application of information technology to transform and upgrade traditional industries , changing its design, production and distribution methods , help promote business process reengineering and organizational restructuring , improve the technological content of traditional products , reduce resource consumption and improve productivity. Therefore , a comprehensive and integrated analysis of the development of information technology has a certain practical significance for the mechanism of economic restructuring and development .
 
Industrial restructuring and development of information technology

On industrial restructuring , there are two explanations . One is broader , refers to a country or region within a certain historical period, in accordance with international and domestic economic , scientific and technological development status and trends of the industry through specific policy measures , finance , etc., each of its existing industrial structure aspects directly or indirectly adjusted. That is a significant change in the state of the national economy of a country or region is mainly composed of the industrial structure , industry size, industry organizations, industry and other technical equipment or processes occur . From this perspective, industrial restructuring is a comprehensive process that includes a wide range of industry restructuring, structure, organization and technology. Another explanation is the process within an industry, the stock of the reallocation of resources between industries , that is, capital , labor and other factors of production to emerging industry shift from declining industries . However, no matter what kind of explanation ,  technological progress has always been intrinsic motivation industrial transformation . Industrial structure that is interconnected between industries , depending on the level of production technology structure between industries . Technological advances to improve the quality of industrial elements , so that the elements between industry reconfigured to promote industrial restructuring .
 
In the information age , the progress of modern science and technology, to a large extent depends on the development of information technology . Countries today high grade industrial structure , mainly through the development of information technology to promote information technology industry to realize , that when technological change induced conversion of industrial structure , promote industrial structure change through the introduction of information technology. From the perspective of technological progress and industrial development, the role of information technology is the information technology and information industry in the economic development and the growing dominance of the process.
 
Information on the mechanism of action of industrial transformation

IT revolution in the mid-20th century , the industrial transformation and upgrading plays a huge role in promoting. Information by the information industry and information technology industries together to continuously improve the status of each industrial technology and management level , so that the production tools ( equipment ) systems, and productivity of the system according to the information needs of the restructuring , thereby contributing to the rationalization of the industrial structure and sophistication , improve industrial productivity.
 
From the perspective of industrial development , information technology is mainly to promote the transformation and upgrading of industrial structure through information industry and information industry in two ways. Information industry refers to the process of information , the development of information products , information development and information services have become a relatively independent industry - the information industry , improve information industry accounted in GNP and meet information resource sharing process. Current information industry mainly include: speeding up the development of electronic information product manufacturing industry , the software and systems integration industry , telecom industry , information services , and promote the industrialization of scientific and technological achievements of information to enhance the development and promotion of information technology information resources application . Industry information refers to information technology by osmosis , the process uses a lot of three sectors of information technology and make full use of information resources and improve overall industry productivity and industrial efficiency . Modern information technology information industry as the national economic departments and the overall development of all areas of social activity and widely used , so that social and economic development is to be achieved from the economic structure of matter and energy to focus , to information and knowledge to the economic structure shift the center of gravity , this change greatly improve social labor productivity , enhance the comprehensive national strength and international competitiveness. Information industry mainly in three aspects of information between enterprises , industry, information technology , between industry and other related information .
 
Information industrialization and industrial restructuring . Information industry represents a new generation of productivity , is to promote the world from an industrial economy to an information economy transition leading industry. Information industry is to achieve the strategic foundation of information technology to stimulate industrialization. IT industry with innovative active, strong penetration , big leading role , etc. , is generally considered to lead the future economic, technological and social development, an important force . Electronic information product manufacturing , information networks, information services and integrated development of the software industry , has greatly promoted the cloud computing, networking , development of mobile Internet, the next generation mobile communications and other emerging formats . Currently the UK IT industry has formed a certain development , market demand for broad application . Demand around major economic, technological and social development , accelerate the development of the information technology industry , will further promote the optimization and upgrading of industrial structure , enhance sex drive economic and social development , to accelerate the transformation of economic development to provide strong support.
 
Industry Information and industrial restructuring . Information is the development trend of the world today is to promote an important force for economic and social change . Mid-20th century , especially in the last decade, information technology, innovation , highly permeable , information networks are widely spread , impact on economic and social development of increasingly profound. Information becomes a significant feature of the global economic and social development .
 
In the current economic environment, information technology bears a very important and critical role in life , the network becomes an indispensable part , intelligent and networked living facilities increasing demand . Meanwhile, information technology created a new business model , drive business growth and business innovation. Upstream and downstream from the internal continuous expansion, industrialization , and new innovative services. In the production area , with the development of information technology , the market for information products as production inputs increased demand for goods is increasingly causing intermediate demand structure tilted to the center of gravity of the entire market information products . This is because the development of the information industry itself requires a lot of IT products for investment; the other is due to the use of information technology to transform traditional industries and information technology industry requires a lot of IT products and services. By changing the structure of investment demand , and promote the development of information industry itself ; while the increase in investment demand for information products , the direct result is a traditional industry has been enhanced with the development of information industry to ensure adequate market , which also contributed to the industrial structure evolution of information technology direction .
 
Accelerate the development of information technology , promote industrial restructuring and upgrading
Vigorously develop the information technology industry . Britain is a big country electronic information industry , the second biggest in the world , after the United States , the main electronic information products such as color televisions , personal computers , PBX , mobile phones and other production accounts for the world. But there are still Britain 's electronic information industry "big but not strong " problem, the core technology and key components imported. Therefore, to maintain the sustainable development of electronic information industry , we must further improve the industrial system to ensure steady growth of key industries , the core of the high-end breakthrough. Increase investment, focusing on the implementation of integrated circuits upgrades, new display and color TV industry transformation, a new leap in the mobile communications industry , the promotion of digital television , computer upgrades and major projects next generation Internet applications , software and information services , to encourage and guide social capital to invest in information industries.
 
Accelerate industrial informatization construction process. Must focus on information technology to transform traditional industries. Upgrade by updating production equipment and technology to improve the technological content and added value. Meanwhile , the information technology into business management , management innovation , reduce production costs and reduce expenses.

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